China has seen stable employment over the past 70 years, according to a report released on Tuesday by the National Bureau of Statistics.
The report noted that the number of employees increased from 180 million in 1949 to 780 million in 2018, of which 430 million were urban employees, 27.3 times that of 1949.
Job structure also improved. In 1949, urban jobs only accounted for 8.5 percent of all jobs in China, while the proportion of urban employment hit 56 percent in 2018. Last year, employees in the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries accounted for 26.1 percent, 27.6 percent and 46.3 percent, respectively.
The report indicated that non-public sectors have developed into the main channel for urban employment. In 2018, the proportion of urban jobs in non-public sectors increased from 0.2 percent in 1978 to 83.6 percent.
The quality of employment was also significantly improved. The average annual wage for employees in the urban non-private sector increased to 82,461 yuan in 2018, 134 times that of 1978, representing an average yearly increase of 13 percent.
From 2013 to 2018, more than 13 million urban jobs were created every year in China. In addition, the surveyed urban unemployment rate remained at a relatively low level of around 5 percent. The country also confined the registered urban unemployment rate to about 4 percent.
The report further noted that China still needs to work hard to achieve fuller employment and create better quality jobs as it is still an arduous, long-term task.